Tanzania national celebrations are generally established by Tanzanian law makers and are normally non-working days. The national cerebrations are occasions, like the anniversary of the Zanzibar Revolution Day (12 January); Union Day (26 April); International Workers’ Day (1 May); Saba Saba (7 July, formerly commemorating the establishment of TANU, recently International Trade Fair Exhibitions); Peasants’ Day (8 August); Independence Day (9 December) and Uhuru Torch Race which ends up on 14 October every year to commemorate the death of Mw. Julius Kambarage Nyerere.This section covers national and international festivals celebrated at national level.
Independence Day Celebration
Tanzania celebrates Independence Day on 9th December each year. On this day in 1961, Tanzania the then Tanganyika became independent from Great Britain. On the actual day, Dec 9th, there were fireworks, jubilation and excitement in Dar es Salaam. The official celebrations were held at the National Stadium and simultaneously, there was an Uhuru torch taken to the summit of Kilimanjaro.
In honor of this historic achievement, the government trace its sectors highlighting achievements, constraints and challenges encountered since independence and chart out the way forward. Its 50 years independence cerebration in 2011 was enshrined with the theme that: “We dared; we succeeded and we are forging ahead.”
Zanzibar Revolution Day
Zanzibar Revolutionary Day is celebrated every 12th of January to commemorate the day people of Zanzibar overthrew Sultanate administration. In 1963 Zanzibar Island had been granted independence from Britain . In July 1963 the Sultanate government held parliamentary elections which resulted in the Arab minority retaining power to an extent of making Zanzibar an overseas territory of Oman despite winning 54% of the votes.
That incident provoked the African majority. To solve the problem, the Afro Shirazi Party (ASP) allied with Umma Party to join force. On 12th January 1964 the ASP, lead by John Okello mobilized around 600 revolutionaries to Zanzibar town and overthrew the Sultanate government.
Peasant Day famously known as Nanenane is celebrated national-wide on eighth of August every year. The festival is organized and coordinated by Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives in collaboration with Tanzania Agriculture Society Organisation (TASO) involving Institutions, Ministries and individuals involved in agriculture.
In the past years the festival was celebrated on seventh of July every year focusing to a greater extent they on exhibiting achievements and challenges facing agricultural sector involving all stakeholders from village to national level.
The festival is celebrated at zonal level where by Northern- Southern highlands zone the festival was held at John Mwakangale grounds in Mbeya. For Northern zone the celebration was at Themi grounds Arusha, while in Eastern zone was held at Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere, Morogoro and for Lake zone the celebration was at Nyamhongolo Mwanza and last zone was Southern at Ngongo .
The Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar was formed on 26th April 1964,the union was officially inaugurated by Mwalimu Nyerere,The President of Republic of Tanganyika and Sheikh Abeid Aman Karume President of the Revolutionary Government at the Karimjee Hall in Dar es salaam.
The founders exchanged the Articles of the union and mixed the soil from Tanganyika with that from Zanzibar to symbolise the union of two countries.Honourable Mwalimu Julius Kambarage became the first president of the United Republic of Tanzania. Honourable Sheikh Abeid Amani Karume became the First Vice President ,while Mzee Rashid Mfaume Kawawa became the second Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania.
The 1964 Articles of Union stipulates that the origins of the union,among other things included the long-standing close relationship between the peoples of Tanganyika and Zanzibar;the political relationship that emerged from the common struggles for independence and shared belief in Pan-Africanism.Thus for the first time on the African Continent it became possible for two African sovereign nations to unite.
This event showed that with the committment and devotion of the African people and their leaders, African unity was possible.It is notable that the union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar is the only surviving entity and among the rarest unions in the world.
International Workers’ Day is the commemoration of the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago.The police were trying to disperse a public assembly during a general strike for the eight hour workday, when an unidentified person threw a bomb at them.The police reacted by firing on the workers, killing four demonstrators.
World workers’ day also known as May Day is celebrated every year on 1st may ,in Tanzania the festival is held at national level ,it brings together workers from different sectors private and public institution.
Uhuru Torch Race
Uhuru Torch, races throughout the country with the message of hope ,love,respect and peace, the races starts from one chosen region and end on 14th October the day we commemorate the death of the father of the nation Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere.
Uhuru torch races have different slogans each year depending on national development priorities, launching dev elopment projects where the torch passes.This torch goes with the message of hope,love,peace and respect.
Trade Fair Exhibitions
The trade fair famously known as sabasaba started in 1962 as National Agriculture Trade Fair (NATF) at Ministry of Trade and Cooperative Union Grounds. The fair aimed at promoting agriculture and cooperation.
In 1978 the government established Board of External Trade (BET) through Act no.5,and entrusted with export.Board of External Trade was also entrusted with promoting global business cooperation through trade fairs and research.
In recent years the trade show involve almost 20 countries from South African Development Cooperation the fair is also known as Dar es salaam International Trade Fair ,and the ground as Mwl.Nyerere ground.