Nyerere is BornKambarage Nyerere was born on 13th April 1922 in Butiama town, Mara Region, near the shores of Lake Victoria, north of Tanganyika His father had 22 wives and Julius was one of 26...
Start primary schoolHe began primary school in Musoma at the age of 12. He obtained his secondary education at the Tabora Government Secondary School in 1937
Attends Makerere UniversityAt the age of 22, and between 1943 and 1945 Nyerere attended Makerere University, in Uganda's capital Kampala, obtaining a teaching diploma.
Tanganyika Welfare Association FoundedHere he founded the Tanganyika Welfare Association, which eventually merged with the Tanganyika African Association (TAA), which had been formed in 1929.
Teaching at Saint Mary'sNyerere received his teaching Diploma in 1947. He returned to Tanganyika and worked for 3 years at St. Mary's Secondary School in Tabora, where he taught Biology and English.
Master of Arts from University of EdinburghIn 1949 he got a government scholarship to attend the University of Edinburgh and was the first Tanganyikan to study at a British university. He obtained an undergraduate...
Teaching at St. Francis' CollegeNyerere took a position teaching History, English and Kiswahili, at St. Francis' College, near Dar es Salaam.
Nyerere marries Maria Gabriel MagigeA portrait of former Tanzanian president Mwalimu Julius Nyerere wife, Maria Gabriel Magige. They got married in January 24th 1953.
Elected President of TAAIn 1953 he was elected president of the TAA, a civic organisation dominated by civil servants, that he had been involved with while a student at Makerere University.
TAA transformed into TANUIn 1954 he transformed TAA into the politically oriented Tanganyika African National Union (TANU). TANU's main objective was to achieve national sovereignty for Tanganyika. A campaign to register...
Addresses UNO on TanganyikaIn 1955 TANU sent its president,Julius Nyerere, to the United Nations Organisation in New York where he reminded the Trusteeship Council of its responsibility towards Tanganyika...
Resigns from teaching in 1955In 1955 Nyerere resigns from teaching and devote himself entirely to politics
Chief Minister in the Colonial Legistative CouncilNyerere entered the Colonial Legislative council following the country's first elections in 1958-59 and was elected chief minister....
Prime Minister Julius Nyerere with English Royalty Visiting - Prince PhilipPrime Minister Julius Nyerere of newly independent Tanganyika watches as Royal Air Force planes fly over the capital in a salute to the new nation...
Nyerere Become first prime Minister of independent TanganyikaIn 1961, Tanganyika was granted self governance and Nyerere became its first Prime Minister on 9 December 1961. A year later Nyerere...
1962 - Become first President of the Republic of TanganyikaOn 22 January 1962, Nyerere resigned from the premiership to concentrate on drawing up a republican constitution and to prepare TANU...
1963 - Visit to USAThe President of Tanganyika, Julius K. Nyerere, left, on his official visit to the Kennedy White House in 1963.
1963 - Nyerere as one of OAU foundersNyerere, along with several other Pan-Africanist leaders, founded the Organisation of African Unity in 1963.
1963-1970 Chancellor of the University of East Africa1963-1970 Chancellor of the University of East Africa, later the University of Dar-es-Salaam
1964 - Becames President of the United Republic when Tanganyika and Zanzibar were unitedNyerere was instrumental in the union between the islands of Zanzibar and the mainland Tanganyika to form Tanzania, after a...
1965 - Nyerere sworn in for his second term as President of TanzaniaNyerere is sworn in for his second term as President after the 1965 one party elections: "We reject the idea that only a two-party..."
1966 - Nyerere with Freedom Torch, 12th Aniversary of TANUPresident Nyerere holds aloft the burning Freedom Torch presented to him by Tanzanian Youths at the celebrations...
1967 - Arusha DeclarationThe Arusha Declaration was made by Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere on 5 February 1967, outlining the principles of Ujamaa (Nyerere's vision of socialism) to develop...
1967 - Nyerere on the formation of East African CommunityThe Three key figures in the federation saga: Milton Obote (President of Uganda), Jomo Kenyatta (President of Kenya) and Julius Nyerere (President of Tanzania)
1967 - Nyerere with African Head of State at OAU SummitThe Photo show Head of State as follows Front Row (left to right): African Leaders At Conference...
1969 - Mwalimu Nyerere Meets with Pope Paul VINyerere Travelled to Uganda to meet with Pope Paul VI in July 1969
1969 - Receives Memorial Plaque of the City of BelgradeYogoslavia - Memorial Plaque of the City of Belgrade (15th October 1969)
1971 - Nyerere in IndiaState Visit to India 1971 Two Monuments - Mwalimu Julius K.Nyerere, President of Tanzania, at Taj Mahal, Agra...
1974 - Receives Freedom of the City of GeorgetownGuyana - Freedom of the City of Georgetown (11th September 1974)
1974 - Receives Order of Jose Marti, CubaHavana, Cuba - Order of Jose Marti (21st September 1974)
1975 - Receives The Great Collar of the Aztec Eagle, MexicoMexico - The Great Collar of the Aztec Eagle (24th April 1975)
1976 - Receives Nehru Award for International Understanding, IndiaIndia - Nehru Award for International Understanding (17th January 1976)
1976 - Receives Guinea Bissau - Medal of Amilcar CabralGuinea Bissau - Medal of Amilcar Cabral (19th September 1976)
1978 - Nyerere Sends Tanzanian Troops into Uganda to depose Idi AminUganda–Tanzania War The Uganda-Tanzania War (usually referred to in Uganda as the Liberation War )...
1979 - The Commonwealth Heads of Government MeetingFront row L-R: Thatcher (Great Britain), Tuipelehare (Tonga), Khama (Botswana), Yew (Singapore), Banda (Malawi), Nyerere (Tanzania)...
1979 - Helps shapes peace plan for Rhodesia / ZimbabweOn 21 December 1979, an agreement was signed in London that set in motion...
1981 - State Visit to IndiaSwagatam - Julius Nyerere, along with Maria Nyerere, First Lady of Tanzania, and Dr.Salim Ahmed Salim, then Foreign Minister of Tanzania, being received...
1982 - Receives New Delhi, India - Third World PrizeNew Delhi, India - Third World Prize (22nd February 1982)
1983 - Receives Maputo, Mozambique - Eduardo Mondlane MedalMaputo, Mozambique - Eduardo Mondlane Medal (7th September 1983)
1983 - Receives Geneva - Nansen Medal for Services to the Cause of RefugeesGeneva - Nansen Medal for Services to the Cause of Refugees (3rd October 1983).
1985 - Receives Honorary Doctoral of Law from LjublianaLjubliana (Yugoslavia) - Honorary Doctoral of Law (26 March 1985)
1985 - Receives Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy from PyongyangPyongyang University (Korea) - Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy (28th March 1985)
1985 - Mwalimu Nyerere retired from the presidencyIn 1985 Nyerere stepped down from the presidency, in favor of Ali Hassan Mwinyi. But but remained chairman of CCM until 1990.
1985 - Nyerere in India'This is The Way' - Julius Nyerere with Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, and K.Natvar Singh, then Minister of State for...
1985 - Receives Degree of Doctor Of PhilosophyHavana University of Cuba (Cuba) - Honorary Degree of Doctor Of Philosophy (30th Sept 1985)
1985 - Receives Honorary Degree for Diplomacy from State House Dar-es-SalaamThe State House Dar es Salaam (Tanzania)...
1985 - Receives Geneva - Luanda, Angola - Order of Augstino Neto AwardLuanda, Angola - Order of Augstino Neto Award
1986 - Receives Luanda Angola - SADCC Sir Seretse Khama MedalLuanda Angola - SADCC Sir Seretse Khama Medal
1986 - Receives Honorary Degree of Literature Honoris CausaUniversity of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) - Honorary Degree of Literature Honoris Causa
1987 - Receives Dodoma, Tanzania - Lenin Peace PrizeDodoma, Tanzania - Lenin Peace Prize
1988 - Receives Dodoma, Tanzania - Juliot Curie Gold MedalDodoma, Tanzania - Juliot Curie Gold Medal
1990 - Nyerere Resign as the head of the ruling party CCMNyerere Resign as the head of the ruling party CCM
1990 - J.K. Nyerere with Pope John Paul II, TanzaniaDuring Pope John Paul II visit to Tanzania
1991 - Receives Honorary Doctorate of Humanities from PhilippinesUniversities of Philippines (Philippines) - Honorary Doctorate of Humanities
1992 - Receives Honorary Doctor Degree from ManilaManila (Philippines) - Honorary Doctor Degree
1992 - Receives Paris, France - UNESCO Simon Boliver PrizeParis, France - UNESCO Simon Boliver Prize
1992 - Receives Paris, France - UNESCO Simon Boliver PrizeParis, France - UNESCO Simon Boliver Prize
1993 - Receives Honorary Doctor of Laws from MakerereMakerere University Kampala (Uganda) - Honorary Doctor of Laws
1994 - Receives TANAPA / Gold Medal of OutstandingArusha, Tanzania - TANAPA / Gold Medal of Outstanding on Wildlife and Environmental Conservation
1995 - Receives New, Delhi, India - Gandhi Peace PrizeNew, Delhi, India - Gandhi Peace Prize
1996 - Receives Abujua, Nigeria - Nnandi Azikiwe AwardAbujua, Nigeria - Nnandi Azikiwe Award (10th March 1996)
1996 - Mwalimu Nyerere as a chief mediator in the Burundi conflictMwalimu Nyerere as a chief mediator in the Burundi conflict
1997 - Receives Doctor of Letters Honoris CausaOpen University of Tanzania (Tanzania) - Doctor of Letters Honoris Causa
1997 - Receives Doctor of Laws for Claremont graduate School CaliforniaClaremont University Centre (United States of America) - Doctor of Laws...
1997 - Receives Doctor of Philosophy from Honoris CausaSokoine University of Agriculture (Tanzania) - Doctor of Philosophy Honoris Causa
1998 - Honorary Doctor of Law from Honoris CausaUniversity of Fort Hare (South Africa) - Doctor of Laws Honoris Causa
1998 - Honorary Degrees of Law from Lincon UniversityLincoln University (United States of America) - Honorary Degree of Laws
1999 - Nyerere died in a London hospital of leukaemiaFormer Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere has died - one of the most influential African statesmen of his generation. The 77-year-old statesman...
1999 - Nyerere's FuneralDar es Salaam - Thousands of mourners, including foreign dignitaries, packed the Dar es Salaam national stadium on Thursday morning to pay their last respects to Julius Nyerere, the founding father...
1999 - Receives Harvard University - World Map GlobeHarvard University - World Map Globe (28th December 1999)
2000 - Receives CCM, Tanzania - The Century StatesmanCCM, Tanzania - The Century Statesman
2005 - Receives Zimbabwe’s highest medal, the Royal Order of MunhumutapaNyerere awarded Zimbabwe’s highest medal in Zimbabwe has posthumously awarded the Father of the Nation, Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, with the Royal Order...
Julius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian politician who served as the leader of Tanzania, and previously Tanganyika, from 1960 until his retirement in 1985.
Born in Tanganyika to Nyerere Burito (1860–1942), Chief of the Zanaki, Nyerere was known by the Swahili honorific Mwalimu or ‘teacher’, his profession prior to politics. He was also referred to as Baba wa Taifa (Father of the Nation). Nyerere received his higher education at Makerere University in Kampala and the University of Edinburgh. After he returned to Tanganyika, he worked as a teacher. In 1954, he helped form the Tanganyika African National Union.
When Tanganyika was granted responsible government in 1960, Nyerere became Chief Minister. He led Tanganyika to independence a year later and became the new country’s first Prime Minister. The country became a republic in 1962, with Nyerere as the country’s first first president. During the first years, Nyerere created a single-party system and used “preventive detention” to eliminate trade unions and opposition. In 1964, Tanganyika became politically united with Zanzibar and was renamed Tanzania, with Nyerere as president of the unified country. He was the sole candidate for president in the unified country’s first election, in 1965, and was reelected unopposed every five years until his retirement in 1985.
In 1967, influenced by the ideas of African socialism, Nyerere issued the Arusha Declaration, which outlined his vision of ujamaa(“socialism” and “familyhood”; “not to be confused with the Swahili word Umoja which means “unity”), Ujamaa was a concept that came to dominate Nyerere’s policies. However, his policies led to economic decline, systematic corruption, and unavailability of goods. In the early 1970s, Nyerere ordered his security forces to forcibly transfer much of the population to collective farms and, because of opposition from villagers, often burned villages down. This campaign pushed the nation to the brink of starvation and made it dependent on foreign food aid.
In 1985, after more than two decades in power, he relinquished power to his hand-picked successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi. Nyerere left Tanzania as one of the poorest, least developed, and most foreign aid-dependent countries in the world, although much progress in services such as health and education had nevertheless been achieved. As such, Julius Nyerere is still a controversial figure in Tanzania. He remained the chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi for another five years until 1990. He died of leukaemia in London in 1999.