The Sultan of Zanzibar is forced to close his slave market by the BritishOne of the most famous slave traders on the East African coast was Tippu Tip, who was himself the grandson of an enslaved African
1905-1907 Maji Maji Rebellion put down by GermanThe Maji Maji Rebellion, sometimes called the Maji Maji War...
Commander of German forces in East Africa, begins a guerrilla style war against the BritishPaul Emil von Lettow-Vorbeck (20 March 1870 – 9 March 1964)...
Tanganyika is given internal self-governmentTanganyika Territory was a British...
Tanganyika achieves independenceTanganyika from 1962 to 1964 the Republic of Tanganyika, was a sovereign state in East Africa. It was situated between the Indian
J. K Nyerere is first presidentJulius Kambarage Nyerere is first president of the newly formed Republic of Tanganyika (9 December), having previously..
Zanzibar achieves independenceThe Zanzibar Revolution occurred in 1964 and led to the overthrow of the Sultan of Zanzibar and his mainly Arab government by local African revolutionaries
The Zanzibar Revolution1964 In a violent revolution, left-wing forces overthrow the Sultanate of Zanzibar and the People's Republic of Zanzibar is proclaimed (12 January)
Arusha DeclarationArusha Declaration - President Nyerere outlines his own version of socialism, Ujamaa. Nyerere's vision called for socialism, self-reliance and a belief in human equality
The Tanzania-Zambia railroad (Tan-Zam) is completed.The TAZARA Railway, also called the Uhuru Railway or the Tanzam Railway, links the Tanzanian port of Dar es Salaam with the town of Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia's...
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM - Revolutionary State Party) createdMerger of Tanzania African National Union (TANU) and Zanzibar's Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) to create the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM - Revolutionary State Party)
Idi Amin attempts to annex KageraWith the assistance of Libyan troops, Idi Amin attempts to annex Kagera, Tanzania's northern province.
Tanzanian forces invade Uganda and capture the capital KampalaTanzanian forces invade Uganda and capture the capital Kampala. The president of Uganda, Idi Amin, flees to Libya
President Ali Hassan Mwinyi comes into powerMwinyi had been president of Zanzibar (5 November). Nyerere's socialist experiment is eased. Ali Hassan Mwinyi (born May 8, 1925, Kivure, Pwani Region, Tanzania) ...
Tanzania's constitution is amended to allow multi-party democracyTanzania's constitution is amended to allow multi-party democracy
Tanzania accepts 800,000 refugees form ethnic violence in Rwanda and BurundiThe Rwandan Genocide was a genocidal mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate...
Benjamin William Mkapa of the CCM becomes president after first multi-party electionsBenjamin William Mkapa (born November 12, 1938) ...
US embassy buildings in Dar es Salaam are destroyed by a terrorist blastUS embassy buildings in Dar es Salaam are destroyed by a terrorist blast
Julius Kambarage Nyerere diesJulius Kambarage Nyerere (13 April 1922 – 14 October 1999) was a Tanzanian politician who served as the first President of Tanzania and previously Tanganyika...
Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete of the CCM becomes presidentJakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born 7 October 1950) is the 4th and...
Apart from the timeline above, this is the short summary of the Tanzania timeline. Tanzania has been spared the internal strife that has blighted many African states.
Though it remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with many of its people living below the World Bank poverty line, it has had some success in wooing donors and investors.
Tanzania assumed its present form in 1964 after a merger between the mainland Tanganyika and the island of Zanzibar, which had become independent the previous year.
Unlike many African countries, whose potential wealth contrasted with their actual poverty, Tanzania had few exportable minerals and a primitive agricultural system.
In an attempt to remedy this, its first president, Julius Nyerere, issued the 1967 Arusha Declaration, which called for self-reliance through the creation of cooperative farm villages and the nationalisation of factories, plantations, banks and private companies.
But a decade later, despite financial and technical aid from the World Bank and sympathetic countries, this programme had completely failed due to inefficiency, corruption, resistance from peasants and the rise in the price of imported petroleum.
Tanzania’s economic woes were compounded in 1979 and 1981 by a costly military intervention to overthrow President Idi Amin of Uganda.
After Mr Nyerere’s resignation in 1985, his successor, Ali Hassan Mwinyi, attempted to raise productivity and attract foreign investment and loans by dismantling government control of the economy.
This policy continued under Benjamin Mkapa, who was elected president in 1995. The economy grew, though at the price of painful fiscal reforms.
Tourism is an important revenue earner; Tanzania’s attractions include Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, and wildlife-rich national parks such as the Serengeti.
Tanzania has become a target for poachers, and conservationists have warned that the current rate at which elephants are being killed for their ivory the entire population could die out by the end of the decade.
The political union between Zanzibar and mainland Tanzania has weathered more than four decades of change. Zanzibar has its own parliament and president.
Thanks to BBC for above overview