Currently Tanzania destination has managed to preserve a total of thirty two (32) Game reserves. Selous Game Reserve area was designated as a protected area by the German Governor Hermann von Wissmann since 1896 and it became a hunting reserve in 1905. This is the first Game Reserves in Tanzania and it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982 because of the diversity of its wildlife and its undisturbed nature. Selous Game Reserve covers more than 50,000 square km of area and it is the largest Game Reserve in Africa. This area was chosen mainly because of a large concentration of big Games rather than other biological diversity. Also another reason was because Tanganyika was quite famous in terms of varieties of big Game wildlife and diversity of landscapes that all times attracts steady stream of the wealthy hunters.
During Tanzania’s independence time in 1961, there were only nine (9) official Game Reserves in Tanzania. The Government of Tanzania is focusing a lot of its efforts and resource to preserve and establishment Game Reserves areas for the purpose of sustainable usage. The present frame work of wildlife protected areas in Tanzania, consisting of National Parks, Game Reserves and Game controlled areas. This framework was placed into practice after the Second World War.
Other famous and attracting game reserves include; Gurumet Game Reserve, Maswa Game Reserve, Rungwa Game Reserve, Moyowosi Game Reserve, Kigosi Game Reserve Ugalla River Game Reserve, Muhesi Game Reserve, Kizigo Game Reserve, Rumanyika Game Reserve, Biharamulo Game Reserve, Ibanda Game Reserve, Usangu Game Reserve, Lukwati Game Reserve, Rukwa Game Reserve, Burigi Game Reserve, Luhira Game Reserve, Ikorongo Game Reserve, Uwanda Game Reserve, Mkungunero Game Reserve, Kijereshi Game Reserve, and Pande Game Reserve.