Tanzania Tourism Organs
The Tanzania Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism is the overall incharge of all Tanzania Tourism Industry activities. The main functions of the ministry are being managed and organised within five divisional directorates. These include; Tourism, Wildlife, Forest and Beekeeping, Fisheries, and Antiquities. There are a number of parastatal organizations, agencies, and institutions who work under the general responsibility of the Tanzania tourism industry. These organizations support the Ministry and other stake holders to achieve its national and organisation objectives.
The Tourism division under the Tanzania Ministry of Tourism and Natural resources, is being headed by the director of Tourism who is responsible with, Sector’s policies and planning, Classification & licensing of hotels and travel agencies, and also with the Management of both the national “Hotel and Tourism Training Institute (HTTI/NCT)” and “Tanzania Tourist Board (TTB)” which is a parastatal institution.
The division of wildlife at the Tanzania Ministry of Tourism and Natural Resources is responsible with the overall management of wildlife activities. Wildlife activities of Tanzania destination are being managed by its four parastatal institutions being;
- The Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA), resposnsible with the National Parks management,
- The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA), responsible with Conservation activities ,
- The College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM), responsible with Wildlife management courses,
- The Tanzania wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI), responsible with Wildlife research activities.
The division of fisheries at Tanzania Ministry of Tourism and Natural resources, is responsible with the overall national fisheries activities. This division manages;
The Antiquities Division under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT) is among the main five divisions of the ministry. Originally the antiquities office was located at Bagamoyo and after 1960 it was shifted to Dar es Salaam. The Antiquities Act No. 10 of 1964 was amended in 1979 (by Act No. 22 of 1979). This was followed by Subsidiary Legislation on protected objects and Monuments No. 13 of 1981 and by another Subsidiary Legislation on conduct and access to Monuments Rules (1991). The History of Antiquities Division and Conservation of cultural heritage in Tanzania goes back to the colonial period in 1937 when the legislation to protect and preserve historical monuments was established. This ordinance remained the only Legislation of Antiquities until 1964 when the Antiquities Act No. 10 of 1964 was passed by the National Assembly. The MNR Antiquities division is the legal body within the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, which is responsible for; Conservation, Preservation, Protection and Management of cultural and heritage resources in Tanzania. The Antiquities division of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT) specifically focuses on the following areas;
- Archaeological sites like Olduvai Gorge, Footprint, Isimila Stone Age site, Engaruka Ruins.
- Historical sites like Kaole Ruins, Kunduchi Ruins, Kilwa Kisiwani Ruins, Songo Mnara Ruins.
- Historical towns like Bagamoyo, Kilwa Kivinje, Mikindani, Pangani.
- Traditional Settlements like Kalenga in Iringa and Bweranyange in Kagera.
- Historic Buildings like important Government and Colonial Administrative Buildings (BOMAs) in many Districts found in Tanzania.
- Sites with special memories like Colonialists Cemetery, Cemeteries of WWI Fighters, and Defensive Walls
- Natural Features and Structures like Mbozi Meteorite, Amboni Caves and Rock Art Shelters to name just a few.
Tanzania Tourism Board (TTB)
The Tanzania Tourism Board (TTB) was established by the Parliament Act known as Tanzania National Tourism Board (Amendment) Act of 1992. Key functions of the Board are marketing and promotion of Tanzania destination. In principle, TTB promotes Tanzania to both local and international markets. In executing this function, TTB works in close collaboration with the private sector that comprises all operators and agents from the various sub-sectors of the industry. The most common techniques used in destination promotion include participation in the local and international tourism trade fairs, road shows, media/public relations, advertising in local and international media.
Tanzania National College of Tourism (NCT)
The National College of Tourism originates from the Hotel & Tourism Training Institute (HTTI) which was established in 1969 under a British firm called “Hallmark Hotels Ltd”. The objective was to provide basic skills in Front Office Operations, Housekeeping & Laundry, Food Production and Food & Beverage Service. The Institute was first handed over to Tanzania Tourist Corporation (TTC) and then in 1977 to the Ministry of Natural Resources & Tourism. Due to the emerging need for improving service delivery and the growth demand of the tourism industry, NCT was launched as an Executive Agency under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism on 2003 in accordance with the Executive Agency Act No. 30 of 1997. The College offers great potential for growth of both hospitality and tourism sector in the country. As the only Government owned hotel and hospitality training school in Tanzania mainland, NCT offers unlimited opportunities for both men and women to join and advance their career in this industry.
Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA)
The Tanganyika National Parks Ordinance CAP  of 1959 established the organization now known as Tanzania National Parks (TANAPA). National Parks represent the highest level of resource protection that can be provided. By February 2008, TANAPA had grown to 15 national parks, with plans to add more national parks in the near future, as well as to expand existing parks. Conservation of eco-systems in all areas designated as national parks is the core business of the organisation. The Mandate of Tanzania National Parks is: To manage and regulate the use of areas designated as National Parks by such means and measures to preserve the country’s heritage, encompassing natural and cultural resources, both tangible and intangible resource values, including the fauna and flora, wildlife habitat, natural processes, wilderness quality and scenery therein and to provide for human benefit and enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for future generations. The Vision of TANAPA is to be the highest globally rated institution in sustainable conservation and provision of exceptional tourism services.
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA)
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority is an arm of the Tanzanian government, under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Ordinance of 1959 created the Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) which was charged with ensuring multiple land use there to assist in conserving and developing its natural resources. The 1975 Ngorongoro Conservation Area Ordinance stipulates the objectives of the Authority as follows: the conservation and development of the NCA’s natural resources; the promotion of tourism; and the safeguarding and promotion of the interests of the Maasai.
Tanzania College of African Wildlife Management (CAWM)
The College of African Wildlife Management in Mweka, Mishi, was established in 1963 as a pioneer institution in the field of technical wildlife management training. In 1964 the Parliament enacted the College of African Management Act No. of 1964. The college is operating as a parastatal organization under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. The Vision of the College is “to be a centre of excellence in providing professional and technical training, research and consultancy services in African wildlife management”. The Mission is “to provide high standards of relevant professional and technical training to meet the needs of African wildlife organizations for qualified and competent management staff”. This would be achieved through: provision of relevant and diverse range of practical wildlife management training; and carrying out researchc and consultany that enhance training capacity.
The Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI)
Tanzania Fisheries Research Institute (TAFIRI) was established by the Act of Parliament No. 6 of 1980 to promote, conduct, and co-ordinate fisheries research in Tanzania. The idea of establishing TAFIRI came after the collapse of the East African Community in 1977. Before the collapse, the Community had several functions, among which include fisheries research and development. After the collapse of the Community, all matters related to fisheries and fisheries research were vested to the Fisheries Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism. Since the Fisheries Department is not mandated to carrying out research, it was deemed necessary to establish a fisheries research institution, which should cater for fisheries research in the country. However, the Institute never operated independently until the Board of Directors was named in May, and the Director General appointed in August 1983. The Institute’s headquarters is located at the newly built (2005) Coelacanth House in Kunduchi (Dar es Salaam).
This institute is comprised of four Centres and one Substation: Mwanza Centre and Sota Substation on Lake Victoria, Kigoma Centre on Lake Tanganyika, Kyela Centre on Lake Nyasa (Malawi) and Dar es Salaam Centre on the Indian Ocean. Mwanza Centre was formerly a station of the former East African Freshwater Fisheries Research Organization (EAFFRO) of the defunct East African Community. Kigoma and Kyela Centres were established in 1973 and 1978 respectively by the Ministry of Tourism, Natural Resources, and the Environment with the aim of assessing the fishery on their lakes. For the first five years, Kigoma Centre was run in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Sota sub-station was established in 1988, initially as a special project on Nile perch research in Mara region, funded by International Development Research Center (IDRC). The sub-station later became a TAFIRI sub-station under Mwanza Centre after completion of the IDRC Project.
The three Centres of Mwanza, Kyela and Kigoma were then run wholly by the Ministry of Tourism, Natural Resources and Environment under the Fisheries Division until 1980 when it was felt that these Centres could more efficiently be run as a parastatal institution. So TAFIRI was started with a fourth Centre in Dar es Salaam which became its headquarters. However, the Institute never operated independently until the Board of Directors was named in May, and the Director General appointed in August 1983.
TAFIRI has the mandate of promoting, initiating, conducting and co-coordinating fisheries research as well as dissemination of fisheries information to government agencies, public institutions and private companies engaged in the fishing industry. TAFIRI also provides expert scientific and technical advice to Government on marine and freshwater fisheries, aquaculture and the protection of the aquatic environment. The objectives of TAFIRI are as follows:
To promote, conduct and coordinate fisheries research within Tanzanian.
To improve and protect the fishing industry through developing and promoting better methods and techniques of fishing, fish farming, processing of fish products.
To investigate fish diseases so as to develop ways of controlling or preventing their occurrence
To document and disseminate research findings for use by the Government, public institutions or persons engaged in the fishing industry in the country.
To advise the Government, public institutions and persons or bodies of persons engaged in the fishing industry in Tanzania on the practical application of findings of research done by or on behalf of the Institute.
To promote and provide facilities for instruction and training of local fisheries research and management personnel in cooperation with the Government or any persons within or outside Tanzania.
To assume responsibility for the control and management of the business and affairs of any centre which may be established or vested in the Institute
To do anything or enter into any transaction which, in the opinion of the Board, is necessary or desirable for the purposes of the better performance of the functions of the Institute
TAFIRI also provides assistance, consultancy and other services for development and improvement of the fisheries
Advise on preparation, implementation control and supervision of programmes, relating to the application of modern techniques in fishing vessels and fishing gear suitable for the fishing industry and carrying out research programmes, designed to facilitate the discovery of the causes and ways of abating and preventing aquatic pollution.
The institute strives to achieve these objectives by carrying out research in the following fields: Fisheries statistics and fish stock assessment; Fish biology, taxonomy and fisheries of commercially important fish species; Socio-economic and marketing; Hydrobiology and water pollution; Gear technology and Aquaculture.
Tanzania National Museum
The National Museum of is a governmental non-profit body corporate, that include the Museum and House of Culture Dar es Salaam, Village Museum, Arusha Declaration Museum, Natural History Museum, Mwalimu J. K. Nyerere Museum, and any other museum that may be declared a National Museum in accordance to the National Museum act No 7 of 1980. It is a scientific, educational and cultural institution for collecting, conserving, displaying and researching on cultural and natural matters.